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worlds largest stock exchanges

Stock exchanges originated as mutual organizations, owned by its member stockbrokers. However, the major stock exchanges have demutualized, where the members sell their shares in an initial public offering. In this way the mutual organization becomes a corporation, with shares that are listed on a stock exchange. The Bolsas y Mercados Españoles is a Spanish financial company that operates stock exchanges and financial markets in Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, and Valencia. Founded on February 3, 1891, the Hong Kong Exchange is the World’s fourth largest and Asia’s second-largest stock exchange with a market capitalization of 6.48 trillion dollars.

HKSE generates a trading volume of more than 1 million derivatives contracts per day with HSCEI futures. The Honk Kong Stock Exchange (SEHK)  is located in Hong Kong and is the world’s 7th largest stock exchange on the basis of market capitalization. It consists of 2,236 listed companies with a wholesome market capitalization of US$ 4.19 trillion as of May 2023. Mumbai- Headquartered NSE was founded in the year 1992 as the first dematerialized electronic exchange in India. As India’s largest exchange provider – and sporting a market capitalization of 2.3 trillion – it’s also one of the largest stock exchanges in the world.

Largest Stock Exchanges in the World By Market Cap – Complete List Of Stock Exchanges

This may promote business activity with benefits for several economic sectors such as agriculture, commerce and industry, resulting in stronger economic growth and higher productivity levels of firms. His 1688 book Confusion of Confusions[11] explained the workings of the city’s stock market. Also located in the commercial city of Mumbai, the National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is another leading Indian stock exchange. It was established in 1992 to provide a modern, fully automated electronic trading system, and it was the first electronic exchange in the country. Located in the city of Shanghai, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is one of the two independently operated stock exchanges in the People’s Republic of China. It was founded on the 26th of November, 1990, and it is directly regulated by the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC).

  • Naturally, this volume also makes stock exchanges the barometers of the economy, and as business becomes tougher, share prices fall since investors remove their capital from markets.
  • Located in what is fondly called the Silicon Valley of China, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange is one of the top exchanges based on market capitalization in the country.
  • Rounding out our top 10 of the largest stock exchanges in the world is the Bombay Stock Exchange.
  • It was founded on February 8, 1971, by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), which was formerly known as the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD).
  • LSE, which was established in 1698 ranks eighth in the list of the world’s largest stock exchanges.

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the 1st on the list of the largest stock exchange in the world and is a highly esteemed stock exchange in the USA which is situated at 11, Wall Street, New York City. Shenzhen Stock Exchange oriented in Shenzhen, popularly known Forex arbitrage as the Silicon Valley of China. SZSE was established in 1990 and is the second largest stock exchange in China after Shanghai Stock Exchange. Also, it is an independent running stock exchange in China, followed by Shanghai Stock Exchange and Beijing Stock Exchange.

Japan Exchange Group

Located in Maude Street, Johannesburg, this African exchange has managed to make its way to be one of the very best exchanges in the world at the moment. Its current market capitalization will definitely attest to the growth of this exchange. The LSE considers itself the most international of global exchanges, based on the fact that around 3,000 companies from around the world trade on the LSE and its affiliated exchanges.

  • Therefore, the movement of share prices and in general of the stock indexes can be an indicator of the general trend in the economy.
  • With over 1,000 companies listed on this exchange and an average monthly trading volume of $76 billion, this exchange is definitely on the path of greatness.
  • Bombay Stock Exchange is among the oldest stock exchanges in Asia, set up in 1875 during British rule.
  • Companies have also raised significant amounts of capital through R&D limited partnerships.
  • Furthermore, the stock exchange comprises different indices which reflect the country’s financial health.

Established in 1850, this exchange is currently offering trade in bonds, stocks, government, as well as a number of derivative products. SMI (Swiss Market Index) which is the main stock index of this exchange comprises over 20 of the most liquid and significant companies in the country. Currently the oldest and the largest stock exchange in Africa, the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) was established about 132 years ago.


While being the second oldest exchange, this exchange has become not only the top stock exchange in Brazil but also one of the largest in the world. Market capitalization is a financial term used to denote the total value of tradable shares of a listed company. It is calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of shares outstanding.

worlds largest stock exchanges

Shanghai Stock Exchange is the third-largest in the world and the biggest stock exchange in Asia, located in Shanghai, China. It was founded in the year 1866 however it was adjourned in 1949 due to the Chinese revolution and its modern foundations were laid in 1990. The third largest stock exchange in the word is the Japan Exchange Group.

Shanghai Stock Exchange, China

There is a possibility you have thought about some of the top stock exchanges in the world and you probably have also wondered where the largest stock exchanges in the world are based. You are not alone, as almost everyone with an interest in the stock market has asked that question at least once in their lifetime. Irrespective of why you need this information, it is important that you familiarize yourself with these exchanges as they help you thoroughly understand how this industry works.

The contracts are meant to help investors hedge new debt sales by the U.S. government, which is financing a fiscal deficit and refilling its coffers following the debt-ceiling standoff. In the year 2017, HKSE transitioned from the physical trading process into electronic trading. Many big business conglomerates like HSBC Holdings, AIA, Tencent Holdings, China Mobile, etc. are listed on HKSE.

The Bombay Stock Exchange

Its main stock index, the Swiss Market Index (SMI), consists of the 20 most significant and most liquid companies on the exchange. For starters, non trading operations such as money transfers and account deposits still require manual operations. Traders are increasingly looking to Asian markets late Sunday afternoon to gauge whether the larger US counterparts will swing higher or decline through the week’s first session. The London and New York stock exchanges are the world’s oldest and among the most popular, but major exchanges in Asia and Europe cropped up throughout the 1990s and early 2000s. With market volatility stabilizing at heightened levels and investors monitoring price action throughout the day, stock exchanges around the world are more relevant than ever.

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Alternative investment funds are an alternative to traditional investment options (stocks, bonds, and cash). The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is located at Dalal Street, in the Indian commercial city of Mumbai. Established on the 9th of July 1875, as the Native Share and Stock Brokers Association, the BSE is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. It initially operated the open outcry trading floor but switched to an electronic trading system in 1995.

Investors in the United States mainly focus on buying stocks listed on the two largest stock exchanges in the world – the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Nasdaq. But every big nation in the world is proud of having its own stock exchange. This article lists the top ten of the world’s largest stock exchanges with insights into their history and market capitalization.